With a production of 124,200 tons of wine (as of 2009), Moldova has a well established wine industry. It has a vineyard area of 148,500 hectares (367,000 acres) of which 107,800 hectares (266,000 acres) are used for commercial production. The remaining 40,700 hectares (101,000 acres) are vineyards planted in villages around the houses used to make home-made wine, or “vin de casa”. Many families have their own recipes and strands of grapes that have been passed down through the generations.
In 2009, Moldova was the twenty-second largest wine producing country in the world. Most of the country’s commercial wine production is for export.
Grape varieties in Moldova
Moldovan viticulture is characterized by a large variety of grapes:
- European: 67%
- Caucasian: 15%
- Domestic: 6%
- Non – Vitis vinifera – 13%
The Moldovan wine collection “Mileştii Mici”, with almost 2 million bottles, is the largest wine collection in the world, according to the Guinness Book. It stretches for 250 km, of which only 120 km are currently in use.
The Cricova winery also has an extensive network of underground tunnels that stretch for 120 km.